In the four hair removal procedures mentioned in the title, the hair is simply trimmed along with the root. When this is done with wax, either a strip of cold wax is applied to the skin on a gauze bandage and then pulled off with force against the direction of growth of the hair. Hot wax is based on the same principle, but the wax used is heated beforehand, so it better encloses the hair to be pulled out, which makes this method more thorough.




Electric epilators use essentially the same procedure, but they work with rotating rollers or spirals that capture the hair and then pull it out while the epilator is guided over the skin.


The plucking finally represents the manual counterpart to the electric epilator, because here the hair is plucked individually, usually with a pair of tweezers. The advantage of all these methods is that they are easy to carry out at home and can produce good results with some exercise, even if many cosmetic salons offer hair removal by skilled hand, which are usually faster and deliver better results.

All of these methods are very cost-effective. It is therefore disadvantageous that someone who wishes to epilate in these ways should have a certain insensitivity to pain. Depending on the body region, the removal of the hair can be quite painful, with many using these methods suggesting that the pain worsened with the frequency of the applications.

Further known disadvantages of this method are irritations of the skin, which occur frequently when larger areas are freed from hair by the abovementioned methods and the danger that the renewable hair may possibly grow into the skin. In this case, the hair that is later to follow does not break through the skin surface, but grows further in the skin.

This can lead to unsightly, sometimes even needful, inflammation. In such a case, the ingrown hair must be cut from the skin. In conclusion, it should be mentioned that the hair plucking with tweezers is the only way to correct eyebrows. No other method should be used in the sensitive area around the eyes – already because of the risk of injury.